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The subaltern cannot speak. — From

1992 "The dis/appearance of subalterns: A reading of a decade of subaltern studies". South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies. 15 (1): 105-125.

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak .Can the subaltern speak, Gayatri Spivak"Can the Subaltern Speak?" Spivak's essay "Can the Subaltern Speak?"--originally published in Cary Nelson and Lawrence Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak: an Gayatri Spivak / "Can the Subaltern Speak?" – summary16 posts · Can the Subaltern Speak?: Reflections on the History of an Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak's original essay "Can the Subaltern Speak?" Can the Subaltern Speak?

I wonder if Spivak’s essay “Can the Subaltern Speak” was translated, or not.

Can subaltern essay analysis the speak.

1984 "Gramsci and peasant subalternity in India". Journal of Peasant Studies. 11 (4): 155-177.

But what would I do on the present occasion to remedy the existing defectsof the present Confederation? There are two opinions prevailing in theworld - the one, that mankind can only be governed by force; the other, that theyare capable of freedom and a good government. Under a supposition that mankindcan govern themselves, I would recommend that the present Confederation shouldbe amended. Give Congress the regulation of commerce. Infuse new strength andspirit into the state governments; for, when the component parts are strong, itwill give energy to the government, although it be otherwise weak. . . .

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak's 1988 essay Can the Subaltern Speak? introduced questions of gender and sexual difference into analyses of representation and offering a profound critique of both subaltern history and radical Western philosophy. Spivak's eloquent and uncompromising arguments engaged...

2000 Mapping subaltern studies and the postcolonial. London: Verso.

We are now told by the honorable gentleman (Governor Randolph) that we shallhave wars and rumors of wars, that every calamity is to attend us, and that weshall be ruined and disunited forever, unless we adopt this Constitution. Pennsylvania and Maryland are to fall upon us from the north, like the Goths andVandals of old; the Algerines, whose flat-sided vessels never came farther thanMadeira, are to fill the Chesapeake with mighty fleets, and to attack us on ourfront; the Indians are to invade us with numerous armies on our rear, in orderto convert our cleared lands into hunting - grounds; and the Carolinians, fromthe south, (mounted on alligators, I presume,) are to come and destroy ourcornfields, and eat up our little children! These, sir, are the mighty dangerswhich await us if we reject dangers which are merely imaginary, and ludicrous inthe extreme! Are we to be destroyed by Maryland and Pennsylvania? What willdemocratic states make war for, and how long since have they imbibed a hostilespirit?

1999 Subalternity and representation: arguments in cultural theory. Durham: Duke University Press.

Finally, we offer interviews with two of the founding members of the original South Asian Subaltern Studies Collective who inspired many conversations in subaltern studies and beyond. Prof. Gyanendra Pandey, distinguished professor of History at Emory University, and Prof. Partha Chatterjee, professor of Anthropology at Columbia University, reflect upon the early days of the collective, its trajectory, and its influence beyond South Asia and the discipline of History.

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Guha, Ranajit, and Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak


1988 Selected Subaltern studies. New York: Oxford University Press.

By placing these essays in conversation with the added insights of the authors and Profs. Chatterjee and Pandey, we hope this collection will inspire further conversation on how anthropologists contribute to the proliferation of Subaltern Studies beyond the ideas and motivations of the original collective.

: Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Can the Subaltern Speak?

Charles Hale’s essay “,” takes up the question of how academics might struggle alongside subaltern communities with whom they work. He argues that activist researchers should develop methods that are different from what he calls "cultural critique." He suggests that researchers use such methods--for example statistical surverys and GIS technology--in ways that can be leveraged in courtrooms and other settings to help subaltern communities in their struggles against dominant social institutions. He goes on to suggest that researchers should be held accountable both by their academic institutions and by the communities with whom they work. Hale’s essay provokes questions of academic and ethical responsibility as well as the instrumental uses of knowledge and accountability.

2005 "Is There a Need for Subaltern Studies?" Dispositio. (52): 43.

"In Retrospect: Subaltern Studies and Futures Past," Keynote Address at the conference on Subaltern Studies: Historical World Making Thirty Years on, Aug. 2011, ANU

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty, and Rosalind C. Morris

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (February 24, 1942 – ) is an literary critic and theorist. She is considered to be one of the earliest proponents of post colonialism, best known for the article “Can the Subaltern Speak?”. Since 2007, she has been the University Professor at Columbia University.

Subaltern Studies Collection Images, Creative Commons, Courtesy of:

1995 "The Challenge to Orientalist, Elitist, and Western Historiography: Notes on the "Subaltern Project" 1982-1989". Dialectical Anthropology. 20 (2): 217.

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak's Can Can the Subaltern Speak?

Born in Calcutta, India, she received an undergraduate degree in English at the University of Calcutta in 1959, graduating with first class honours. After this, she completed her Master’s in English from Cornell University, and then pursued her Ph.D. while teaching at the University of Iowa. Her dissertation was on W.B. Yeats, directed by Paul de Man, titled . At Cornell, she was the second woman elected to membership in the Telluride Association. She was briefly married to Talbot Spivak in the 1960s.

Janice Waltzer (liberalmind1012), “goat spinners.” 2009 via Flickr ()

No. You have to learn from the subaltern even as you're bringing her into democracy through education. Your desire has to be rearranged, just like hers.

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