Neo-Malthusian theories have many critics and have been disputed and debated since their formulation. A major criticism of this theory is that the problem with food availability is not a result of insufficient food production but rather a result of inadequate distribution. Another prevalent criticism is that people will develop alternatives to depleted resources and will continue to adapt to their changing availability through the creation of new technologies and processes (7). The validity of neo-Malthusian theories continues to be debatable and it is unclear as to whether overpopulation is a cause of poverty or not. Although no definitive conclusion has yet been drawn regarding how well neo-Malthusian arguments describe the effects of overpopulation, it is an important perspective to understand and consider when investigating the correlation between population and poverty.
Dolan's argument, although providing sound solutions for theeradication of the human population explosion in the U.S. and otherwell-developed &endash; read economically wealthy and technologicallyadvanced, speaks little toward the ramifications of the issue inLDCS. Although significantly dated, Dolan presents statistics thatprove the Net reproduction Rate in the U.S. was on the track to meet1.0 growth rate by 1975 (Dolan, 63). He uses this fact to then backup an argument that no matter what, population growth will always beencouraged to some extent, citing the alleged advantages it brings topoliticians, armies, and commerce. He then proceeds to dismantlethese claims, citing numerous reasons why all these organizationscould continue to function with a smaller population index. So whatthen is it that Dolan is trying to present? His article seemscontradictory at every new idea. He calls for a laissez-faire policyconcerning the issue, demanding that countries prove it is a problembefore it can demand international attention and thus aide fromwealthier countries. Where does that leave Dolan's argument atpresent day? The "burden of proof" that he referred to has beentackled and accurately demonstrated. His ambivalent solution nowrequires another one, perhaps the first option he presents,"permitting one sub-group of the population to impose its favoredpopulation policy on the rest, against their will, via the politicalprocess (Dolan, 72)." Although referred to with highly negativeconnotations, there is some validity in his cold and capitalisticsolution. It may ignore some of the larger, more pervasive problems,but it could provide an effective solution for a simplistic view ofthe problem if properly administered. Culture consciousness must playan intricate role in whatever "tech fix" that is decided upon,especially if it involves an alteration of a cultural identity.
Unknown to most people, species are tuned by natural processes, over immense periods of time, for parents to produce (on average) only a sufficient number of surviving offspring to replace themselves -- meaning two. Ancestral females of our species evolved the ability to have over a dozen children in their short lives -- a necessity under high levels of mortality. Around 20,000 years ago, there was an estimated world population of three million people, which likely had a negligible effect on their surroundings. To ensure tribal survival and integrity, customs and spiritual beliefs of our ancestors became ingrained with the concepts of large families and dominion over all other life.
The discovery of agriculture around 9,000 years ago changed everything, generating a giant leap in human birth rate and survival. Starvation lessened as an ever-looming factor in limiting population numbers, as it had likely operated effectively over several million years of human evolution. During the period of the Egyptian Pharaohs, the world’s population passed 100 million, 250 million at the time of Christ, 500 million by 1650, and 1 billion by 1850 (Ehrlich and Ehrlich 1970). With improving technology for food production and distribution, medical care, and social programs, numbers climbed to 2.5 billion in 1950 and 6 billion in 1999. Over 78 million people are currently added each year, and the population-doubling time continues to drop dramatically. I find it appalling that the human race has more than tripled (2 to 6.7 billion) in just my life time, and may quadruple before the end of my life. Obviously this rate of growth cannot continue indefinitely without severe repercussions, which are becoming more evident everyday (e.g., acidification and pollution of the oceans, global warming).
Overpopulation also reduces the number of opportunities available for employment. There are fewer jobs available for a growing number of people which results in inevitable unemployment. In a country like Pakistan that is already on the edge, having a job can mean the difference between life and death. Poor people without jobs often starve to death along with their families. Pakistan has no such provisions as Medicare or a dedicated unemployment benefit service, so overpopulation exacerbates this problem.
One of the reasons for this may be the rise of with (1990) by , the environmental trilogy (1992), (1996), and (1997) by . With the host of environmental problems caused by overpopulation, almost by definition, talking about one is talking about the other.
In the same year, 's science-fictional was published. This is perhaps the definitive overpopulation novel to date, though others such as 's also became a powerful movie (). is a novel by and (1967), describing a future society in which the population is kept young by everyone who reaches a certain age, thus neatly avoiding the problem of overpopulation. A 1972 film called featured an overpopulated, very polluted future Earth, whose practices , executing persons who violate the 30-year ban on .
writers have frequently made in which they portrayed futures in which the world has become massively overpopulated. This became a major theme in the 1950s and 1960s. One of the first depictions of future megacities was by (1954). The 1960s saw increasing anxiety about the prospect of the of , underscored by the publication of 's non-fiction , in 1968. The episode entitled dealt with a race of overpopulated aliens who abducted Captain Kirk to solve their population problem.
In 1729, wrote the satirical essay where he suggests one solution for both the problem of overpopulation and the growing numbers of undernourished people in Ireland can be solved by the raising of infants as food.
I think every one should be aware of this and should do some think to stop this because overpopulation does'nt mean more worker it means more unemployment.
Many authors (eg. , Arthur C. Clarke, ) have argued that shipping the excess population into space is no solution to human overpopulation, saying that (Clarke, 1999) "" It is not the lack of resources in space that they see as the problem (as books such as demonstrate); it is the sheer physical impracticality of shipping vast numbers of people into space to "solve" overpopulation on Earth that these authors and others regard as absurd.
As Malthus pointed out so long ago in harsh economic terms, ‘the surplus’ is destined for a life of poverty and misery. Society’s caring social programs, technology, and natural resources can never keep pace with the incessant demands arising from exponential human-population growth. The survival of life-support systems and wildlife, our civilization, and social justice depend ultimately on an ethic of family planning, communicated through the teaching of life skills at home, school and church, and supported by governments, concerned groups, industry and the media. With a right to reproduction must come knowledge and responsibility.
to meet the needs of ever growing population millions and millions of trees are cut every year and there is a shortage of fresh air, as trees help to purify the air as a result our environment gets polluted.