21 In the quarter of a century that followed the Second World War, the achievements of the European economy were so impressive that the period was often referred to as the ‘Golden Age’.
The Mayan Indians in Guatemala had a more nutritious and varied diet and better conditions of health in the early 16th century before the Europeans arrived than they have today.
For instance, the brilliant Swedish archaeologist Bozena Werbart, whose knowledge of the Khazars is vast, wrote: "In the Khazar kingdom, Koestler wanted to see the origin of the eastern European Jewry.
Because Karny is afraid of the possible link between Khazars and East European Jews and Mountain Jews, he has put "mass conversion" in quotes and led readers to believe that it is all simply myth and legend, that we really know nothing about Khazars.
Still, there is very little that the 'Khazar theory' can offer to replace the overwhelming evidence of the primarily Western European origins of Ashkenazi migration into Poland."A particularly absurd treatment of the Khazars is contained in Yo'av Karny's travelog (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000)where Karny tries repeatedly to attack claims for the partial Khazar heritage of Mountain Jews, Kumyks, and Ashkenazi Jews, because he thinks the idea of a Khazar heritage is dangerous to contemporary politics, especially in Daghestan where the Tenglik Party - led by SalauAliyev, who believes he is Khazarian - seeks to form a Kumyk-led independent state, and in Balkaria where the Balkars claim descent from Bulgars.
Compared to the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, when the European powers carved up the world among themselves, today there is almost no colonial dominion left.
Discusses Europe's worldwide economic leadership, its achievements in the arts, science and technology, and its skillful political leadership, all of which contributed to its international preeminence.
Scholarly opinions in favor of the KhazartheoryThe idea that Khazars contributed to a certain extent to the gene pool ofEastern European Jewry has been, and still is, championed by a largenumber of legitimate folklorists and historians, as well as by popularauthors.
Deals with the forces of unrest that threatened the empires in the early the theories of Marx and Engels in Europe, the oppression in the Colonies, and revolutionaries in Russia.
And why did the authorities, civil and ecclesiastical seek to control or suppress them?' In Early Modern Europe festivals were the setting for heroes and their stories, to be celebrated by the populace.
Examines the forces of unrest which disrupted European stability at the beginning of 20th century, including colonial nationalism, industrialization, socialism, trade unionism, and various reform movements.
Central European Jews in service to Hasdai ibn Shaprut met a blind Khazarian Jew named Amram circa 947 in an unknown place, apparently in central Europe (see Kevin Alan Brook, , page 131).
Discusses the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War which convinced Asians, Africans, and Indians that Europe was not invincible and inspired confidence in Germany which was already mobilizing its forces.
Challenges on the Periphery investigates Iceland which exists on the cultural and physical periphery of Europe and the gradual decline of the once-central but now peripheral Andalucia Region of Spain and its hopes for the future.
Examines the chronology of events of the First World Warn Europe, including the Bolshevik Revolution and Russia's withdrawal from the war, America's entry into the war, and Germany's defeat.