Mainstream strategies to reduce school violence have focused on combinations of upgrading school security postures (more guards, metal detectors, etc.) and in improving student intervention programs (peer counseling, conflict resolution, etc.).
For some crimes, such as rape, domestic violence, and assault – including assaults against children – the cases recorded are a small fraction of the incidents that actually occur.
• Additionally, victims and survivors of crime and violence need to feel safe in reporting crimes against them and they need reassurance that the individuals responsible will be held accountable and brought to justice.
• In addition to support from family and friends, psychological interventions, e.g. individual, family and group talk therapies which include a focus on making sense of bad memories, coping techniques to reduce PTSD symptoms, education about trauma and its effects, correcting cognitive misunderstanding that removes self-blame and doubts are helpful. Medications are also used to help control PTSD symptoms. In Belize we need to enhance cognitive and social protective factors by making available supportive resources in our community and in our schools for crime victims.
Below is a collection of IELTS essay questions for the topic of crime and punishment. Download a free PDF copy: IELTS Essay Questions Crime & Punishment.
SouthAfrica’s entire history is one of violence and criminality, from the time Jan Van Riebeek arrived to the present day. In the absence of light, there is only darkness.
Let’s take a more conservative estimate and say only 1 in 5 rapes are reported. That would be equivalent to roughly 230k rapes a year, or 630 a day, in a country with a population of 50 million. That is a massive number and far extends any argument based on socioeconomic or historical marginalization and maltreatment bases. Lastly, most rapes are committed by someone who knows the victim, and most victims in South Africa, unfortunately, come from those with a lower SES. Thus, poor people are committing rapes against other poor people. So, the socioeconomic marginalisation and lack of trust in the rule of law argument seems to be less than convincing for rape (and other violent violations).
For the other crimes, it seems like your main premise is that citizens are committing crimes because there isn’t trust in the rule of law, there is poverty and inequality. I feel this is a good explanation for systemic crimes– corruption, embezzlement, not paying taxes, jaywalking, speeding, etc. But, I’m not convinced of this explanation travelling to account for interpersonal crimes? What is the causal connection b/t these structural conditions and brutally raping or murdering a fellow individual, not an act on or against an institution or government? What motivates (overwhelmingly) men to commit these atrocities? To have such little regard for life and another human?
the problem with this article is that it completely fails to hold individuals accountable for their own actions. The article reads as though no one has personal responsibility, that it’s the systems fault, because no one has respect for the law due to history.
Here’s the thing, in any society I believe that most people know that killing someone, raping someone, stealing from someone, is fundamentally wrong.
History and today’s inequality, poverty, can make people frustrated, angry, perhaps even violent towards the state. It can indeed make people feel that the legal criminal justice system does not work and they fail to respect it.
But none of this can justify why an individual chooses to murder someone, rape someone, steal from someone.
Countries like South Africa may well be in a mess (in part) because of the consequences of its past, but it will only come out of its mess once all South Africans start taking personal responsibility for their own actions. Starting with the politicians at the top.
While politicians and their establishment continue to divert attention by blaming everything on the past, instead of accepting responsibility for today, the nations people will be doing the same and everything will continue to slip further.
Its not just violent crime thats a problem in SA. The exorbitant fees charged by private hospitals, lawyers and banks is just as criminal, albeit in a legal way. If apartheid were not to blame, all the neighbouring countries would be just as bad. They aren’t!
However, unless those responsible for making and enforcing laws themselves show respect for the rule of law, we have very little chance at succeeding in reducing violence and crime.
For example, it is relatively easy for Oscar Pistorius and Jacob Zuma, and others with access to wealth, to pay for good lawyers, to be driven to court, or to see a psychologist to help them deal with trauma or stress. It is also much easier for a middle-class victim of crime to get to a police station to report their case to the police, insist it be investigated, and follow up to ensure that the case receives attention. These are all necessary for a case to make its way through the criminal justice system.