But first, just what is Weber's own standpoint, as determined by his ultimate values? It is, no doubt, influenced by one of his key concerns: "the quality of human being in any given economic and social order." Sometimes, however, his standpoint is nationalistic. And in yet other essays, it champions individual liberty. Indeed, Weber's perspective changes, and it is likely to be driven not by one value but by levels of them, ranging from humanism to a concrete objective. But the fact that Weber had a perspective lends little support to the two-tiered interpretation, other than to show that he believed it was permissible for a social scientist to possess a value-determined standpoint. His treatment of perspective is another matter, however.
4. Arguing History (pp. 39-43) by Renee Clary and James Wandersee.
Teaching historical scientific controversies to engage students in discourse and the nature of science.
Examples: Age of Earth, Continental Drift, Formation of Coral Atolls, Extinctions/Mass Extinctions, Dinosaur Research, Germ Theory of Disease, Structure of DNA, Vaccines vs Autism.
Scientific reports that use qualitative research methods (e.g. interviews, participant observation, textual analysis) may be less formally structured that the form outlined above. Although seeking to answer the same questions as a quantitative research report such as:
Thus, despite Portis' ideal vision of Weber's thought to the contrary, social science and political activity are compatible: The social scientist, in conducting research and analyzing facts, is necessarily influenced by his political position, at least to the extent determined by his ultimate values. Weber knew this, and exhorted his fellow social scientists to clarify both for themselves and for others the values driving their investigations. Such a clarification is the prerequisite to objective analysis of facts with a particular purpose or value in mind.
Unlike an essay, a report has a formalised structure. Taking into account disciplinary differences, scientific or laboratory reports written by undergraduates share the same format as scientific reports written by academics for publication. The sections of a scientific report are:
Max Weber thought that "statements of fact are one thing, statements of value another, and any confusing of the two is impermissible," Ralf Dahrendorf writes in his essay "Max Weber and Modern Social Science," acknowledging that Weber clarified the difference between pronouncements of fact and of value. Although Dahrendorf goes on to note the ambiguities in Weber's writings between factual analysis and value-influenced pronouncements, he stops short of offering an explanation for them other than to say that Weber, being human, could not always live with his own demands for objectivity. Indeed, Dahrendorf leaves unclear exactly what Weber's view of objectivity was. More specifically, Dahrendorf does not venture to lay out a detailed explanation of whether Weber believed that the social scientist could eliminate the influence of values from the analysis of facts.
In this paper, the scientific method will be traced in an experiment involving mice and coffee, where the researchers were interested in the effect coffee consumption had upon mice that were genetically engineered to become diabetic....
This book amounted to the foundation of my research and was my main resource utilized for analysis because it detailed a comprehensive investigation on all written material regarding the Scientific Revolution from the beginning stages to more recent historical interpretations.