Charveau, Michel. . Translated by David Lorton. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1997.
This secondary source attempts to eliminate many of the myths surrounding Cleopatra VII. Although this work is only ninety pages, it does provide a view into Cleopatras Greek origins and her relationships with both Caesar and Marc Antony. This source provides some solid background information and can help any researcher trying to dissect facts and myths such as her ethnicity, beauty, and political ambitions.
Bois, Danuta. Cleopatra VII. . (No Date) >(18 December 2005).
This website created by Bois a cell biologist with no academic credentials in womens studies, aims to discover and provide information about accomplished women who we learned little or nothing about. The site involves women from all countries and eras, and the subjects can be found by profession or alphabetically. This site is one large link page and connects the researcher to other web sites for a listed individual. The Cleopatra VII page provides basic biographical information that should be used as a starting point for future research on the Egyptian Queen.
Although some current sources suggest she was quite popular with her people, over the years, Cleopatra’s status as a good queen has been questioned and reconsidered countless times.
I believe Shakespeare concentrated on demonstrating Cleopatra's personality and ambiguity to emphasise that, being the only central female in the play, it is even more surprising that she manages to act the way she does, with such an alarming range of emotions, for example forging illness for attention and accusing Antony of leaving Egypt for the wrong reasons....
Known for her love affairs with some of Rome’s most famous leaders, and wanting to be worshipped as a goddess, associating herself with the goddess Isis Cleopatra was a famous powerful queen in Ancient Egypt.
Much of the criticism of Antony and Cleopatra has recycled this judgement, depicting Cleopatra as a villainess uses her eroticism and sexuality to motivate Antony to seek power....
Weigell, Arthur. . New York: G.P. Putnams Sons, 1924.
Weigell, the former Inspector General of Antiquities for the government of Egypt provides an impartial view on Cleopatra offering both the good and the bad of the former Queen of Egypt. The author shows Cleopatra as both a politician and a person who at times could be brilliant and charming, but also cunning and ruthless. Like most books on Cleopatra, her relationships with Caesar and Marc Antony are highlighted. This secondary source provides numerous maps and portraits, but offers no bibliography. Although Weigell was an expert in the study of Egypt, the lack of a bibliography calls for caution in regards to this work.
“My sword made weak by my affection,” shows how Antony has lost all his self-control and responsibility due to his obsession with Cleopatra, which allows her to have so much control over him.
Walker, Susan. Cleopatra: From History to Myth. . April 2001, 6-8.
This article focuses on the reign of Cleopatra as Queen of Egypt and the historical significance of her rule. It also provides biographical information as well as the negative depiction of Cleopatra in Rome as a cunning seductress. The article also contains a picture of a bronze etching portraying her as a Hellenistic Greek Queen.
Volkman, Hans. . Translated by T.J. Cerdoux. London: Elek Books Limited, 1953.
Volkman, a former professor at the University of Cologne focuses on Cleopatras relationships with Caesar and Marc Antony, and how they affected her Egyptian Kingdom. Cleopatra is portrayed as a cunning ruler who realized that her countrys survival depended on the personal relationships she formed with the male rulers of Rome. Egypt is described as a country that had a legitimate fear with the shadow of Rome hovering over it. This secondary source provides important information on the political aspect of Cleopatras reign and would be valuable to any researcher investigating her relationship with Caesar and Antony.
The irony of Cleopatra dressing up as Venus before she commits suicide, is that she dies a bride and it is almost as if she is ready to trap Antony in the spiritual world, “As I draw thee up, I’ll think everyone an Antony and say ‘Ah ha!
Sypniewski, Maggie. Cleopatra VII. Ancient Egypt. (2001) > (3 January 2008).
This site provides a historical background of ancient Egypt with pages dedicated to specific topics such as Cleopatra. The Cleopatra page has a bust of her from 50 B.C., and a biography is also provided. This biography contains information on her ancestors as well as the children she gave birth to. There is also a link to a web page dedicated to Cleopatra and Hollywood, which provides photographs of the actresses who portrayed Cleopatra. I would recommend this site for anyone interested in ancient Egypt.
Antony uses food imagery to insult Cleopatra and to express his disgust in her, “I found you a monsel cold upon dead Caesar’s trencher, nay you were a fragment of cruel Pompey’s.” This informs the audience of Cleopatra’s past and that she has worked her alluring powers on other powerful men all of which were taken in by her, like Antony.